Cancer treatment has been identified by the World Health Organization as a priority in their strategic development goals for the period 2016-2020. During 2012, 14.1 million new cases of cancer were reported, of which 8.2 million died because of the disease.
In Sweden, one out of three persons will suffer from cancer at some point during their life span. An aging population will result in more cancer cases, at the same time that fewer citizens will be working. This combination requires the health case system to become more resource efficient.
Deep learning offers new perspectives in this regard. Deep convolutional neural networks can be used to automate routine and time-consuming parts of the radiotherapy work-flow. These methods include automatic tumour and risk organ segmentation, synthetic CT generation for dose planning, registration for optical flow adjustments, etc.
Deep learning is able to make these work-flows significantly more time-efficient by automating parts that would otherwise take a long time and tie-up human resources, such as oncologists and radiation nurses. For instance, segmenting a patient with head-neck cancer may take up to six hours, while an automatic segmentation may take less than a second. Similarly, a CT scan can take up to 30 minutes to capture, while a synthetic CT image may be generated from an MR image in less than a second.
The last few years have seen a break-through in deep learning usage and methodology, and current methods have been shown to hold up to clinical requirements. In this project, we will develop, utilise, and evaluate such methods for use in radiotherapy applications. More specifically, we will work on segmentation of tumors and risk organs, synthetic medical image generation, image improvements, and registration adjustments. Such methods only take an instant to apply, but on a desktop computer with a graphics processing unit it may take weeks, or even months, to train and adapt to the clinical data available. We would therefore like use the parallel infrastructure at HPC2N in order to scale the training and model and hyper-parameter searches to larger training data and more complex models with more parameters.